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Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Rhinocerotidae > Rhinoceros

Rhinoceros unicornis Linnaeus, 1758 – Indian Rhinoceros

Taxonomic Notes:

Also called as Greater One-horned Rhinoceros or Great Indian Rhinoceros. This is a monotypic species and there are no subspecies recognized.

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

Indian Rhinoceros is considered as a megaherbivore. It is distributed in Indian and Nepal, as much of its historic raneg has shrunk. In India, some of the National Parks hold a good and stable population of this species. 

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to IUCN Red List assessment population of this species is stable. In some areas its population is believed to be increasing. there are about 2100-2200 mature individuals surviing in wild as per an recent estimate. Major threats to its survival come from poaching, habitat fragmentation, agriculture, mining, retaliatiry killing.

Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Rhinocerotidae > Rhinoceros

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bayani, A. 2023. Rhinoceros unicornis Linnaeus, 1758 – Indian Rhinoceros. A. Bayani, R. Chakravarty, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (editors). Mammals of India, v. 1.13. editors.
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