Panthera tigris Linnaeus, 1758 – Tiger
Various taxonomists have periodically suggested different number of subspecies of Tiger. Owing to highly scattered distribution and occupancy of this species in various habitats led earlier taxonomist to assign different subspecies status to various populations. However, currently based on a combined evidence from morphological and molecular studies it is by-and-large accepted that tiger has two subspecies recognized that have various populations, viz. continental Asia Panthera tigris tigris and Sunda Islands Panthera tigris sondaica. Previously recognized subspecies P. t. virgata, P. t. altaica, P. t. amoyensis, P. t. corbetti, and P. t. jacksoni are synomized with P. t. tigris, whereas, P. t. balica, and P. t. sumatrae are synonymized with P. t. sondaica. In other words Panthera tigris tigris has distinct populations that were once thought to be different subspecies such as Bengal/Indian Tiger, Caspian Tiger, Siberian Tiger, South China Tiger, Indochinese Tiger, Malayan Tiger. Panthera tigris sondaica include Javan tiger, Bali Tiger, and Sumatran Tiger.
This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).
Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bayani, A. 2021. Panthera tigris Linnaeus, 1758 – Tiger. Ramachandran, V., A. Bayani, R. Chakravarty, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (editors). Mammals of India, v. 1.13. editors.