MaOI website is produced by:

Butterflies of India

Also see other supporters ...

News & Updates
Mammals of India website crosses 200 species pages- 2021/06/17

MaOI by the numbers:

No. of species pages: 201
No. of images: 2,831
No. of website visits: site visit count
No. of unique visitors:Unique visitors

Also see the latest images

Advance search

Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Otocolobus

Otocolobus manul Pallas, 1776 – Pallas’s Cat

Taxonomic Notes:

It is also called as 'Manul'. There are two subspecies recognized for this species viz. O. m. manul and O. m. nigripectus. Previously recognized subspecies O. c. ferrugineus is synonymized with O. m. manul.

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is distributed in the high altitude steppe of central Asia. subspecies O. m. manul is distributed in China, Mongolia, Siberia, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan; O. m. nigripectus is distributed in Bhutan, Tibet, Kashmir, and Nepal. It is active at day and dusk, forages on small rodents, and inhabits burrows.

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to IUCN Red List assessment, population of this species is decreasing all over its range. Previous population studies provide an estimate of 15,000 mature individuals surviving in wild. Major threat to its survival come from habitat loss due to mining activity, commercial development, agriculture of timber and non-timber crops, livestock farming and hunting.

Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Otocolobus

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bayani, A. 2023. Otocolobus manul Pallas, 1776 – Pallas’s Cat. A. Bayani, R. Chakravarty, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (editors). Mammals of India, v. 1.13. editors.
Share on facebook email page Share by email