MaOI website is produced by:

Butterflies of India

Also see other supporters ...

News & Updates
Mammals of India website crosses 200 species pages- 2021/06/17

MaOI by the numbers:

No. of species pages: 201
No. of images: 2,831
No. of website visits: site visit count
No. of unique visitors:Unique visitors

Also see the latest images

Advance search

Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Platanistidae > Platanista

Platanista gangetica Roxburgh, 1801 – Gangetic River Dolphin

Taxonomic Notes:

Also known as South Asian River Dolphin, Side-swimming Dolphin or Blind River Dolphin.

There are two subspecies recognized under this species viz. P. g. gangetica (more precisely known as Ganges River Dolphin) and P. g. minor (known as Indus River Dolphin).

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This is one of the few freshwater dolphin species occuring in the world. It inhabits freshwater rivers. Subspecies gangetica (Ganges River Dolphin) inhabits mainly Ganges river system and river Brahmaputra, thus occuring in India, Nepal and Bangladesh, whereas subspecies minor inhabits Indus river in Pakistan. It forms small aggregations at times but can be mostly seen singly. They feed on shrimps, fishes and birds. It is known to use echolocation for communication.

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to IUCN Red List assessment, population of this species decreasing all over its range. current estimate of Ganges River Dolphin is approximately 3500 and that of Indus River Dolphin is between 1200 and 1800 mature individuals. Threat to its survival mainly come from water pollution, overfishing, residential and commercial development, and occasional trapping in fish nets.

Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Platanistidae > Platanista

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bayani, A. 2023. Platanista gangetica Roxburgh, 1801 – Gangetic River Dolphin. A. Bayani, R. Chakravarty, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (editors). Mammals of India, v. 1.13. editors.
Share on facebook email page Share by email