Ratufa macroura Pennant, 1769 - Grizzled Giant Squirrel

Subspecies in India

It is also known as Sri Lankan Giant Squirrel.

Currently there are three subspecies recognized for this species namely, R. m. macroura, R. m. dandolena, and R. m. melanochra. Previously proposed subspecies albipes, ceilonensis, ceylonica, macrura, montana, and tennentii are now synonymized with macroura.

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

Ratufa macroura - Grizzled Giant Squirrel



This species is endemic to southern India and Sri Lanka. It is smallest of all Ratufa species. It inhabits dry as well as wet evergreen forests. It is an arboreal species, mostly found solitary. Its diet is composed of fruits, leaves, branches, and sometimes bird eggs. It makes nests (drey) high in the canopy.

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to IUCN Red List status population of this species is decreasing all over its range. It is estimated thta there are about 300 individuals in India. The population is heavily fragmented. Threats to its population mainly come from habitat fragmentation and loss. Residential and commercial activities, logging, agricultural expansion, hunting and trapping are the main threats. 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka16
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total16

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Ratufa macroura Pennant, 1769 – Grizzled Giant Squirrel. In Bayani, A., R. Chakravarty, and K. Kunte (Editors) (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 1.13. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.mammalsofindia.org/ratufa-macroura, accessed 2024/06/18.